Co-location Strategies Leveraging Renewables to Stabilize the Grid

By combining renewable energy projects with other sources or storage solutions, co-location can optimize grid stability and maximize the benefits of renewable energy. In this article, we will explore the various co-location strategies that leverage renewables to stabilize the grid.

Co-location of Renewable Energy and Storage Facilities

One effective co-location strategy involves pairing renewable energy projects with energy storage facilities. Energy storage technologies like batteries allow excess energy produced by renewables to be stored and released back into the grid when needed. This helps to balance the intermittent supply of renewable sources and ensure a stable flow of electricity. According to a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IREA), co-locating renewables and energy storage can increase the overall renewable energy penetration in the electricity system by up to 40%. Key takeaways from this strategy include:

  • Improved grid stability by providing a consistent power supply.
  • Reduced curtailment of renewable energy generation.
  • Increased renewable energy penetration in the grid.

Additional battery storage facilities also provide the flexibility to manage peak demand periods efficiently and can provide backup power during grid outages or emergencies. The integration of renewables and storage facilities offers a reliable and resilient energy system.

Hybrid Power Plants

Hybrid power plants combine different types of energy sources, such as wind, solar, and thermal, in a single location. These facilities take advantage of the complementary nature of different renewable energy sources to ensure a more stable and continuous power supply. By diversifying the energy mix, hybrid power plants can mitigate the intermittency issues associated with individual renewable sources. Key advantages of hybrid power plants include:

  • Optimized land and resource utilization by combining multiple energy sources.
  • Reduced infrastructure costs compared to separate installations.
  • Increased energy production and overall system efficiency.
  • Enhanced grid stability through a more balanced and reliable power supply.

Many countries have recognized the potential of hybrid power plants and are investing in their development. For example, India has set a target to achieve 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, out of which 40 GW will come from hybrid projects. The integration of multiple renewables in a single co-located facility brings a host of benefits while ensuring energy security and stability.

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems, also known as cogeneration, simultaneously produce electricity and useful heat from a single energy source. Co-locating a renewable power plant with a CHP system allows for the efficient utilization of waste heat, reducing overall energy wastage and improving grid stability. Key takeaways from CHP systems include:

  • Maximized energy efficiency by utilizing waste heat.
  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions compared to traditional separate generation.
  • Enhanced grid stability through increased power system reliability.

The integration of renewables with CHP systems is particularly beneficial in industries that require both electricity and heat for their processes, such as district heating systems, hospitals, and manufacturing plants. Co-locating renewable power plants with CHP systems promotes sustainability and reliability, leading to a more resilient grid infrastructure.


Co-location strategies that leverage renewables to stabilize the grid offer innovative solutions to address the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources. By combining renewables with storage facilities, hybrid power plants, or CHP systems, grid stability can be enhanced while maximizing the benefits of renewable energy. These strategies optimize renewable energy penetration, reduce curtailment, and ensure a reliable and resilient power supply. As the world transitions towards a cleaner energy future, co-location strategies will play a key role in transforming the power sector.

For more information on renewable energy and grid stability, visit Renewable Energy World